Which countries have nuclear weapons?

There are an estimated 20,000 warheads in the world’s combined stockpile of nuclear weapons.

Of these, almost 5,000 are considered operational and about 2,000 belonging to the US and Russia are believed to be ready for use at short notice.

Nuclear weapons map

Although the exact number of nuclear weapons in each country’s possession is top secret, the Federation of American Scientists has made best estimates about the size and composition of national nuclear weapon stockpiles based on publicly available information.

Their sources include the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists and theStockholm International Peace Research Institute.

Countries and their nuclear weapons

Country Operational and strategic weapons* Total arsenal**
SOURCE: FEDERATION OF AMERICAN SCIENTISTS, AS OF 6 MARCH 2012
Russia 2,430 10,000
US 1,950 8,500
France 290 300
China 0 240
UK 160 225
Pakistan 0 90-110
India 0 80-100
Israel 0 80
North Korea 0 Fewer than 10

*Strategic weapons are designed to target cities, missile locations and military headquarters as part of a strategic plan

**Total arsenal inventory includes non-strategic and non-deployed weapons as well as stockpiles