iTunes 12 Get Info Selection

iPhone How to Make Custom Music Ringtones Using iTunes

When trying to get ringtones for your Apple iPhone, you have a few different options. You could purchase ringtones from within iTunes, or you can create ringtones from your existing music library using these steps.

Note: These steps will only work for music purchased from the iTunes Store. You can check if an item was purchased by right-clicking the top sort bar and checking the Kind option. Items will show as “Purchased” or “Protected” if they were purchased via iTunes.

  1. From within iTunes, go to “Edit” > “Preferences” > “Import Settings“.
  2. Ensure the “Import Using” setting is set to “AAC Encoder“.
  3. Go to your music library, right-click/ctrl-click the song you wish to use for a ringtone, then select “Get Info“.
  4. Under the “Options” tab, check the “Start Time” and “Stop Time” boxes, then set the song up to play at a 30 seconds or less interval. In this example, I’ve stopped it at 30 seconds (0:30). Click “OK‘ when finished.
    iTunes 12 Set Song Stop
  5. While the song is still highlighted in iTunes, select “File” > “Create New Version” > “Create AAC Version“.
    iTunes 12 Create AAC Version
  6. A new 30 second version of the song is created in iTunes. Drag and drop this file to your desktop.
    iTunes 12 Drag Song to Desktop
  7. Right-click the file on your desktop and rename it with a .m4r extension.
    Song Renamed with M4R Extension
  8. Connect your iPhone to your computer.
  9. In iTunes, select the icon for your device, then open the “Tones” option under the “On My Device” section.
  10. Drag the music file we re-named in step 7 to the “Tones” folder in iTunes.
    Drag Ringtone to iTunes
  11. Select the “Tones” option in the “Settings” section and ensure the “Sync Tones” is checked.
    iTunes Sync Tones Selection
  12. Press the “Sync” button to sync iTunes with your iPhone.
  13. After syncing your device, the song is now available to select as an iPhone ringtone under “Settings” > “Sounds” > “Ringtone“.
    iOS Select Ringtone


Once you’re done with all this, be sure to right-click the song we originally used, choose “Get Info” and set the interval back to normal under the “Options” tab.

These steps work for iTunes for Windows, Linux, and OS X on your computer and all versions of iOS for your iPhone.

Amazon Web Services cuts prices and revises support plans

Amazon Web Services cuts prices and revises support plans

Amazon has expanded basic free support for Amazon Web Services and lowered the cost of premium support.

The company has also added a number of support features, including alerts and the ability to interact with support personnel through chat.

Launched in 2006, AWS has been widely used by organisations and users looking to outsource their computer infrastructure by tapping into IaaS (infrastructure as a service) offerings. It provides computing nodes, databases, storage, load balancing and other services, all available on pay-as-you-go pricing plans.

The company’s services have been used by developers testing new software services, organisations too small to afford in-house IT systems and by popular internet services that have grown too quickly to build their own IT infrastructure, such as games company Zynga and photo-sharing website Pinterest. Earlier this week, Amazon announced that users had stored over a trillion objects in the company’s Simple Storage Service (S3).

The new support plans reflect the growing diversity in AWS’ customer base.

Amazon has added features to its basic free support plan. Now, users can consult customer service at any time for questions about either accounting or technical concerns, by either phone or email. This new services come in addition to the free access to documentation and developer forums that was already available.

Amazon has rearranged and renamed its paid plans as well, cutting the cost of some. The new Developers tier used to be called the Bronze tier. This tier costs $49 a month and includes a guaranteed 12 hour response time, a direct contact in customer support and email access to AWS technical support engineers.

The Business tier, formerly the Gold tier, offers a one hour response time and access to technical engineers by phone or chat. It also includes support for a range of third-party applications available on AWS. This plan costs $400 per month, $100 less than the old Gold plan. Usage based pricing has been added as well.

The new Enterprise tier, formerly known as the Platinum tier, has been moved to a variable billing model based entirely on usage. This plan used to charge 10% of what the user pays for AWS usage, but that pricing can now be reduced to as low as 3% based on the volume of usage. This plans offers 15 minute response times for critical issues, and a dedicated technical account manager familiar with the customer’s specific AWS architecture.

No plans require long term contracts.

The new chat function will allow users to ask questions to personnel through chat. They can also sign up for alerts, which will notify them of new offers to save money, improve performance of their virtual workloads or close security gaps.

New DDR4 memory will boost tablet and server performance

New DDR4 memory will boost tablet and server performance


IHS iSuppli analysts expect big performance gains in data centres and on consumer devices

By Lucas Mearian | Computerworld US | Published 14:45, 15 May 12

The upcoming shift from Double Data Rate 3 (DDR3) RAM to its successor DDR4 will herald a significant boost in both memory performance and capacity for data centre hardware and consumer products alike, according to IHS iSuppli analysts.

The DDR4 memory standard, which the Joint Electronic Devices Engineering Council (JEDEC) expects to ratify this summer, represents a doubling of performance over its predecessor and a reduction in power use by 20% to 40% based on a maximum 1.2 volts of power use.

“It’s a fantastic product,” said Mike Howard, an analyst with market research firm IHS iSuppli. “Increasing the amount of memory and the bandwidth of that memory is going to have huge implications.”

DDR4’s significant reduction in power needs means that relatively low-priced DDR memory will, for the first time, be used in mobile products such as ultrabooks and tablets, according to Howard.

Today, mobile devices use low-power DDR (LPDDR) memory, the current iteration of which uses 1.2v of power. The next generation of mobile memory, LPDDR3, will further reduce that power consumption (probably by 35% to 40%), but it will likely cost 40% more than DDR4 memory, said Howard. (LPDDR memory is more expensive to manufacture.)

Designed for servers

The impact that DDR4 will have on the server market could be even greater.

Intel, for example, is planning to start using DDR4 in 2014, but only in server platforms, according to Howard. “Server platforms are the ones really screaming for this stuff, because they need the bandwidth and the lower voltage to reduce their power consumption.

“So while Intel is only supporting DDR4 on their server platforms in 2014, I have a feeling they’re going to push it to their compute platforms as well in 2014,” Howard continued.

The draft of the DDR4 specification and its key attributes were released last August.

“With DDR4, we’re certainly seeing some larger power savings advantages with the performance increase,” said Todd Farrell, director of technical marketing for Micron’s DRAM Solutions Group.

Both Samsung and Micron have announced they’re preparing to ship memory modules based on the DDR4 standard. Samsung’s memory modules, expected to ship later this year, purport to reduce power use by up to 40%. Both companies are using 30nm circuitry to build their products, their smallest to date.

By employing a new circuit architecture, Samsung said its DDR4 modules will be able to perform operations at speeds of up to 3.2Gbps, compared with today’s DDR3 speeds of 1.6Gbps and DDR2’s speeds of up to 800Gbps.

Another benefit from the arrival of DDR4 will be greater density and the ability to stack more chips atop one another. Micron’s DDR4 memory module is expected to ship next year, but test modules have already shipped to system manufacturers.

“For DDR3, we see stacking going up to four chips (4H), but for DDR4 this clearly will go up to eight chips stacked on top of each other (8H), which means that, using a 16Gbit memory chip, manufacturers will be able to produce 128Gbit memory boards,” Farrell said.

Farrell described the jump from DDR3 to DDR4 as greater than any other past DDR memory evolution.

“It’s hard to pick just one attribute. DDR4 is one of these devices where you’re getting a lot of benefits at once. Power reduction is key. But at the same time we’re reducing power, we’re getting a substantial increase in performance. They kind of go hand in hand,” Farrell said.

For example, if you run DDR4 at the same bandwidth as DDR3, you can achieve a 30% to 40% power savings. Running at its maximum bandwidth, which represents a doubling of performance, DDR4 will use the same power as its predecessor.

Does power improvement matter?

Historically, memory power consumption has not been considered a big issue because at the motherboard level, processors were responsible for most of the power use in a system.

“Moving forward, as we see a tremendous amount of power reduction – especially in tablets – at that point, if the memory power doesn’t reduce with it all of a sudden the memory is setting your battery life,” Farrell said.

I/O signaling has been improved for added power savings. The I/O uses an “open drain” driver, meaning it only uses power when it writes a zero and not a one at the data bit level. Previous DDR memory used power when writing both zeros and ones.

“Our DRAM controller doesn’t drive current to a one,” Farrell said.

Another power-saving feature with the DDR4 standard will be a reduction in refreshes. In DDR3 memory boards, refreshes occur periodically – and more frequently as the temperature of a device rises. DDR4 memory is being tuned to take advantage of mobile device cooling capabilities. For example, as mobile devices like tablets and laptops go into sleep mode, they cool off. As they cool, DDR4 memory modules will refresh less often, thus using less power.

Additionally, DDR4 can be optimised for server use. For example, higher reliability can be configured using a Cyclic Redundancy Check for the data bus to verify the integrity of the memory. The command address bus also has parity built directly into the DRAM module. Traditionally, parity was achieved through the use of a separate register or another chip on a buffer DIMM.

Memory prices plummet, then stabilise

Even as the arrival of DDR4 memory nears, prices for DRAM remain soft, though the market is expected to pick up steam this year.

Last year, IHS iSuppli reported there was an oversupply in the DRAM market as demand came in lower than expected.

ISuppli has released figures showing that DRAM pricing declined to its lowest point at the end of 2010, the latest period for which it has released data. In December 2010, the contract price for a 2GB DDR3 DRAM module stood at $21, less than half the $44.40 the same module cost just six months earlier.

The price dip isn’t restricted to DDR3. Pricing for a DDR2 DRAM module dropped to $21.50 in December 2011, down from $38.80 in June 2010, according to iSuppli.

This year, iSuppli said it has a much more optimistic outlook for DRAM prices. “DRAM prices have stabilised (and look to stay firm), and the dynamic of the world economy looks much more positive in 2012,” it stated in a report last month.

After seeing major price declines in 2011, memory manufacturers cut output, bringing supply more in line with demand.

“Prices have been essentially flat in the commodity memory market since December, specifically DDR3. It is really weird,” Howard said, adding that market consolidation should help firm up memory prices this year.

For example, Japan’s Elpida Memory filed for bankruptcy in February. This week reports circulated that Micron is in talks to acquire Elpida.

“So it looks like there is going to be some really meaningful consolidation in the industry, and that’s pointing to a much better balance between supply and demand,” Howard said. “We’re anticipating prices for commodity products increasing in the second half of the year.”



Microsoft Aims Windows 8 Storage At Enterprise Data Centers

Windows 8 includes a storage scheme suitable for business deployment that can treat hundreds of disks as a single logical storage reservoir and ensures resiliency by backing up data on at least two physical disks.

Network World — Windows 8 includes a storage scheme suitable for business deployment that can treat hundreds of disks as a single logical storage reservoir and ensures resiliency by backing up data on at least two physical disks.

Called Storage Spaces, the feature sets aside a designated storage area — called a space — for a defined category of data within the entire available disk capacity — called a pool.

MORE WINDOWS 8: Windows 8 can scrub data from disks, but not up to tough security specs

Pools are treated as single virtual disks that can be partitioned and formatted as if they are single physical disks, according to the MicrosoftBuilding Windows 8 blog. Spaces are defined across multiple physical disks, and the physical disks can still be treated as one even if they vary in size or are connected via different interfaces such as USB, Serial ATA (SATA) or serial attached SCSI (SAS).

Storage Spaces has advantages that make it suitable for business deployments, writes the author of the blog, Rajeev Nagar, a group program manager on the Windows 8 storage and file System team. “Storage Spaces delivers on diverse requirements that can span deployments ranging from a single PC in the home, up to a very large-scale enterprise datacenter,” Nagar writes.

One interesting feature of Storage Spaces is that it can allocate a space that is larger than the actual available physical capacity of the pool that the space is carved out of. This sleight of hand is done via a technique Microsoft calls thin provisioning, which keeps data from overflowing the space by freeing up capacity whenever files are deleted or an application decides that such capacity is no longer needed, according to the blog.

This makes it possible, for example, to create a 10TB space within a 4TB pool, Nagar writes.

Anything stored in a space is mirrored on a separate physical disk. “Resiliency is built in by associating the mirrored attribute, which means that there are at least two copies of all data contained within the space on at least two different physical disks. Because the space is mirrored, it will continue to work even if one of the physical disks within the pool fails,” according to the blog.

Storage Spaces has a second resiliency feature called parity in which some redundancy information is stored next to data in a space, so if a disk fails, data can be reconstructed automatically. “While conceptually similar to mirroring, parity-based resiliency utilizes capacity more efficiently than mirrored spaces do, but with higher random I/O overhead. Parity spaces are well suited for storing data such as large home videos, which have large capacity requirements, large sequential (predominantly append) write requests, and an infrequent-to-minimal need to update existing content,” Nagar writes.

Storage Spaces is similar in some key functionality to Windows Home ServerDrive Extender technology, it is not a one-for-one replacement, and is not backward compatible. In order to switch to Storage Spaces, users must create new pools and spaces on new disks and copy data to the pools.

Nagar writes that there are no architectural limits to the number of disks that can comprise a pool, and Microsoft tests pools made up of hundreds of disks as might be found in a corporate data center.

When the Windows 8 beta version is available sometime within the next month or so, it will include a Storage Spaces configuration tool. Those who want to try it out in the currently available developers preview must use PowerShell.

Windows 8 is the next version of the Windows operating system, now due for beta release in February. It’s expected to be generally available later next year featuring touch-screen navigation and commands as well as support for tablets. Not all apps that run on Windows 7 will be compatible with the touch-screen capabilities, but mouse and keyboard devices will enable all apps that ran on Windows 7.

The new operating system shoots for power efficiency, better security and compatibility with ARM-based chips (read tablets and next-generation PCs), all of which could make Windows 8 attractive to businesses.






































Can You Get Unblocked From a Site That Your Internet Provider Has Blocked?

Internet filtering can reduce network performance up to 75 percent in countries with mandatory filtering, such as Australia. If an ISP blocks a site, you can bypass its filtering, but your ISP will not approve of taking such action.


  1. Bypassing your ISP’s Internet filter likely violates the terms and conditions of your service, according to MasterNewMedia. Also, some services that help you avoid filters may still record your computer’s identifying information anyway.

    Bypassing Filters

  2. One of the quickest ways to bypass a filter is by visiting a Web-based proxy. A Web-based proxy fetches websites for you, so your ISP only sees that you visited the address of your proxy, according to Tech FAQ. You can also use an HTTP tunneling program to hide request to restricted websites.


  3. You may be able to legally view a restricted website by viewing its cached version, according to MasterNewMedia. If you search for your desired website in a search engine, it usually has a link to an archival copy next to the link.